Address for Correspondence: Sok-Sithikun Bun, Pasteur University Hospital, Nice, France.
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Answer to Quiz – Electrocardiography
Answer to ECG quiz
Correct answers: D and E
A. Isorhythmic dissociation is due to a competition between two different rhythms which rates are very close, usually a junctional rhythm in competition with slow sinus rhythm. This is not currently the case here. An example of isorhythmic dissociation is provided below (Fig. 1).
Figure 1. Isorhythmic dissociation
B. Complete atrioventricular block with Hissian extrasystoles - the presence of retrograde p waves excludes the presence of underlying atrial fibrillation with complete atrioventricular block
C. Sinus bradycardia with atrial bigeminy - a sinus P wave should then be visible before each QRS complex, which is not the case here. An example is provided below (Fig. 2).
Figure 2. Sinus bradycardia with atrial bigeminy
D. Junctional escape-capture bigeminy. This is visible in ECG strip below (Fig. 3), the sequence consisting in a group beating of a junctional beat followed by a conducted sinus beat. A normal (anterograde) sinus P wave (visible here in V1) is sandwiched between 2 QRS complexes an arrangement causing group beating with recurring couplets.
Figure 3. Junctional escape-capture bigeminy
E. Escape-echo bigeminy. This is a variant of the preceding (Fig. 4). The arrangement is different, where a junctional beat gives rise to a retrograde P wave (best seen in the inferior leads), which is then conducted back to the ventricles, producing a hitherto combination.
Figure 4. Escape-echo bigeminy
Sok-Sithikun Bun, Didier Scarlatti, Fabien Squara
Pasteur University Hospital, Cardiology Department, Nice, France
Ethics: Informed consent was obtained from patient before all procedures
Conflict of interest: None to declare
Authorship: S.S.B., D.S., and F.S. equally contributed to preparation of quiz
Acknowledgment and funding: None to declare