On sweet undeniable feeling of power of international intellectual feudalism, bias, discrimination, censoring and theft
Atrial flutter (AFL) is one of the most common supraventricular arrhythmias with macro-reentrant mechanism of atrial activation around an anatomical barrier with regular atrial rate ≥ 240 beats/min (1, 2). Despite of recent advances in invasive electrophysiology, electrocardiography (ECG) remains one of the most effective methods used for rhythm disorders diagnostics.
Left and right atria have gained interest from scientific community. Two or three- dimensional echocardiographic methods have been implemented for better understanding of atrial functions in both healthy persons and patients with various diseases. Atrial volume could be calculated from 2D or 3D images. Volumetric data and derived parameters could be used for determining atrial phasic functions.
In this review, we summarized current evidence on clinical significance, outcomes and management of postpericardiotomy syndrome and its complications developing after cardiac operations.
The advent of advanced hematological and oncological treatment modalities including radiation therapy (RT) has led to increased survival in patients with a range of malignancies. However, this increased curative and disease free survival rate has been offset by the development of late treatment related complications, such as secondary malignancies and cardiovascular disease. This would explain why childhood cancer survivors exhibit a long-term survival rate that is significantly lower than age and gender matched population controls. When compared to the general population, the lifespan of these patients may be reduced by up to 10 years
In this paper, we present the literature review on nutrition disorders in schoolchildren. as well as the data about the role of rational and balanced nutrition in strengthening of child and adolescent health. We provided the review of literature on the approaches in education facilities on healthy diet education and school meals.
Patients with replaced heart valve submitted to echocardiographic examination may have symptoms related either to valvular malfunction or ventricular dysfunction from different causes. Clinical examination is not reliable in a prosthetic valve evaluation and the main information regarding its function could be obtained using different cardiac ultrasound modalities. This review provides a description of echocardiographic and Doppler techniques useful in evaluation of prosthetic heart valves.
This article provide an overview of studies on indications, surgery and outcomes of valvular heart disease surgery in elderly patients.
Echocardiography has the long development history beginning with amplitude imaging. Nowadays, two- and three- dimensional imaging are standard tools available in almost every echocardiography machine. Myocardial deformation imaging is gaining popularity out of research projects. The future will bring new and sophisticated tools for echocardiographic analysis such intracardiac flow imaging and an automated 3D volume calculation.
In this article, we provided summary of knowledge on left ventricular posterior wall rupture as a complication of mitral valve replacement surgery and shared our experience with such complication.
We present review of current evidence on ischemic heart disease in women. The risk factors, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment and prevention of ischemic heart diseases in women are discussed.
Complete preservation of leaflets for mitral valve replacement to maintain geometry and the function of left ventricle in the near and distant period is necessary. The aim of study was to analyze these procedures. Bileaflet preservation of the anatomical architectonics of the left ventricle in combination with the surgical reduction of the enlarged left atrium will allow to optimize the postoperative geometry and to improve the remodeling of all the left heart along with improved long-term results of patients with mitral valve replacement.
In this review, the recent developments about the accesses for pacemakers and ICD will be described: the axillary and the femoral vein. The His bundle pacing and the advantages of the entirely subcutaneous defibrillator will also be presented.
Foods have a wider role besides simply satisfying hunger, and the gut may be the source of several diseases. The human gut is populated by 100 trillion microorganisms and the most abundant phyla are the Firmicutes ( 60 a 80%), such as the lactobacilli, and the Bacteroidetes ( 20 a 40%), such as the gender Bacteroides.The obesity epidemics may be related to the constant availability of food, less physical exercise, and influences on the gut microbiota such as type of food ingested (low fiber, high calorie, and high fat).
Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is the most frequently used echocardiographic parameter. LVEF based heart failure classification, timely intervention in a patient with valvular disease (e.g. aortic stenosis, mitral regurgitation), deterioration of myocardial function in a patient treated with chemotherapy; all need a simple LVEF value for decision-making process.
In this review, we aimed to represent recent physiological and clinical standpoints regarding to athletic heart syndrome as well as its difference from sedentary heart changes and pathological hypertrophy, its association with sudden cardiac death.