On sweet undeniable feeling of power of international intellectual feudalism, bias, discrimination, censoring and theft
Atrial flutter (AFL) is one of the most common supraventricular arrhythmias with macro-reentrant mechanism of atrial activation around an anatomical barrier with regular atrial rate ≥ 240 beats/min (1, 2). Despite of recent advances in invasive electrophysiology, electrocardiography (ECG) remains one of the most effective methods used for rhythm disorders diagnostics.
Left and right atria have gained interest from scientific community. Two or three- dimensional echocardiographic methods have been implemented for better understanding of atrial functions in both healthy persons and patients with various diseases. Atrial volume could be calculated from 2D or 3D images. Volumetric data and derived parameters could be used for determining atrial phasic functions.
In this review, we summarized current evidence on clinical significance, outcomes and management of postpericardiotomy syndrome and its complications developing after cardiac operations.
The advent of advanced hematological and oncological treatment modalities including radiation therapy (RT) has led to increased survival in patients with a range of malignancies. However, this increased curative and disease free survival rate has been offset by the development of late treatment related complications, such as secondary malignancies and cardiovascular disease. This would explain why childhood cancer survivors exhibit a long-term survival rate that is significantly lower than age and gender matched population controls. When compared to the general population, the lifespan of these patients may be reduced by up to 10 years
In this paper, we present the literature review on nutrition disorders in schoolchildren. as well as the data about the role of rational and balanced nutrition in strengthening of child and adolescent health. We provided the review of literature on the approaches in education facilities on healthy diet education and school meals.
Patients with replaced heart valve submitted to echocardiographic examination may have symptoms related either to valvular malfunction or ventricular dysfunction from different causes. Clinical examination is not reliable in a prosthetic valve evaluation and the main information regarding its function could be obtained using different cardiac ultrasound modalities. This review provides a description of echocardiographic and Doppler techniques useful in evaluation of prosthetic heart valves.
This article provide an overview of studies on indications, surgery and outcomes of valvular heart disease surgery in elderly patients.
Echocardiography has the long development history beginning with Amplitude imaging. Nowadays, two and three dimensional imaging are standard tools available in almost every echocardiography machine. Myocardial deformation imaging is gaining popularity out of research projects. The future will bring new and sophisticated tools for echocardiographic analysis such intracardiac flow imaging and an automated 3D volume calculation.