In this last issue of the year 2018, we published original research article on role of cytokines in hypertension with LVH and surgical AF ablation, interesting case report and challenging quiz on paced ECG, as well as invited review on advances on echocardiography.
Objective: To evaluate the presence of sinus rhythm or atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients who had mitral valve surgery with concomitant surgical ablation of AF, by unipolar or bipolar radiofrequency.
Leonardo Canale, Bruno Azevedo, Marcelo Goulart Correia, Ernesto Chavez, Erica Macedo, Cintia Mattoso, Roberta Lima, Juliana Vieira, Cristiane C. Lamas, Clara Weksler
Echocardiography has the long development history beginning with amplitude imaging. Nowadays, two- and three- dimensional imaging are standard tools available in almost every echocardiography machine. Myocardial deformation imaging is gaining popularity out of research projects. The future will bring new and sophisticated tools for echocardiographic analysis such intracardiac flow imaging and an automated 3D volume calculation.