Cardiovascular Surgery, Transplantation

Original research articles, review articles, and case reports

Cardiology, Internal Medicine, relevant disciplines

Original research articles, review articles, and case reports

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On sweet undeniable feeling of power of international intellectual feudalism, bias, discrimination, censoring and theft

 

DEBATES

On sweet undeniable feeling of power of international intellectual feudalism, bias, discrimination, censoring, theft, and yet cloud of rumors again – Part 1

This is a first piece we open for debate and discussion. As every editor can comprehend from the title of this short introduction, this is about may be some journal editors have experienced or it may only be intrinsic for our journal.

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Vol 2 ( 2018 ); Issue 4

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EDITORIALS

From Editor-in-Chief: Concluding the year 2018

In this last issue of the year 2018, we published original research article on role of cytokines in hypertension with LVH and surgical AF ablation, interesting case report and challenging quiz on paced ECG, as well as invited review on advances on echocardiography.

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ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLES

Predictors of left ventricular hypertrophy development in patients with essential hypertension: role of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines

Our study demonstrates the modulating role of inflammation on the processes of myocardial remodeling in hypertension.

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ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLES

Bipolar versus unipolar energy in the surgical ablation of atrial fibrillation in patients with mitral valve surgery

Objective: To evaluate the presence of sinus rhythm or atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients who had mitral valve surgery with concomitant surgical ablation of AF, by unipolar or bipolar radiofrequency.

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REVIEW

Advances in echocardiography: global longitudinal strain, intra-cardiac multidirectional flow imaging and automated 3d volume analysis

Echocardiography has the long development history beginning with amplitude imaging. Nowadays, two- and three- dimensional imaging are standard tools available in almost every echocardiography machine. Myocardial deformation imaging is gaining popularity out of research projects. The future will bring new and sophisticated tools for echocardiographic analysis such intracardiac flow imaging and an automated 3D volume calculation.

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CASE REPORTS

Anomalous origin of right coronary artery from left coronary sinus associated with aneurysm of aortic root

The aim of our case report is to describe rare anomaly of coronary artery origin concomitant with aortic root aneurysm, as well as to present the results of surgical correction of this pathology.

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QUIZ

Quiz: Pacemaker

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IN MEMORIAM

In Memory of Professor Usen B. Baisakov

Usenbek B. Baisakov physician by vocation, who devoted himself to serve medicine, was a careful attentive family man, a husband and a father, a kind colleague.

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QUIZ

Answer to Quiz: Pacemaker on page 130 and case discussion

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MISCELLANEOUS

Author index 2018

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Reviewer index 2018

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Content index 2018

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Reviewers of the December 2018 issue

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ANNOUNCEMENT

International scientific-practical conference dedicated to 60-years of the first heart surgery and 15 years of SRIHSOT

"Innovations in cardiac surgery: from finger mitral commissurotomy to heart assist devices." 15-19 may 2019

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Articles Published Ahead of Print

REVIEW

Spontaneous rupture of left ventricular posterior wall as a complication of mitral valve replacement

In this article, we provided summary of knowledge on left ventricular posterior wall rupture as a complication of mitral valve replacement surgery and shared our experience with such complication.

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REVIEW

Characteristics of woman`s heart with disorder of coronary circulation

We present review of current evidence on ischemic heart disease in women. The risk factors, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment and prevention of ischemic heart diseases in women are discussed.

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ANNOUNCEMENT

The International Research Interdisciplinary Schools - IRIS 2019

The IRIS program provides an environment for developing skills to carry out research projects, based on a practical, problem-based approach; and to establish enjoyable cross discipline/cross cultural collaboration.

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Vol 2 ( 2018 ); Issue 3

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EDITORIALS

From Editor-in-Chief

In this issue, we published the editorial about prominent surgeon, founder of cardiovascular surgery in Central Asia who performed first heart surgery – Professor Isa K. Akhunbaev.

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EDITORIALS

Succession of traditions in cardiac surgery

“With my work, I am the son of my nation. Before these people I bow. People, I'm your slave. Not only with work, but with my blood I belong to you. I am Isa.” It is dedicated to the 110th anniversary of Academician Isa Akhunbaev

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ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLES

Peculiarities of the menstrual function of adolescent girls, internal migrants from the highland regions of Kyrgyzstan

To study the nature of changes and peculiarities of the menstrual function in adolescent girls, internal migrants from the highland regions of the republic, depending on the length of stay in lowland areas.

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CASE REPORTS

Difficulty in weaning and cardiopulmonary rehabilitation in inoperable severe mitral regurgitation: a case report

The present report describes one strategy used for cardiopulmonary rehabilitation and to help wean a patient from mechanical ventilation, with prohibitive comorbidities that contra-indicate surgical mitral valve repair, using respiratory and peripheral muscle training associated with positive pressure ventilation

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QUIZ

QUIZ : ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY

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MISCELLANEOUS

International Interdisciplinary School IRIS, June 11-16, 2018, Issyk-Kul, Kyrgyzstan

Beautiful nature, Issyk-Kul, common interests, close cultures (8 participants from Kyrgyzstan and 1 from Kazakhstan), informal and high professional skills of the faculty created a very friendly environment. Participants do not forget the evening at the Faculty home. The participants were interested in the scientific career of Gulmira and Jonathan, their completed and planned scientific projects, the history of the IRIS school, told about their successes, problems and plans for the future.

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NEWS

International "School of Arrhythmology" in Kyrgyzstan

For the first time in Kyrgyz Republic, the first scientific and international Arrhythmology School was organized by main cardiac surgery of Kyrgyzstan – Scientific Research Institute of Organ Transplantation (SRIHSOT) with support of Ministry of Health. The conference Contemporary Methods of Arrhythmia Diagnosis and Treatment of Arrhythmias for Cardiologists and Family Physicians took place on 19.06.2018 in cultural center Asanbai.

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QUIZ

ANSWER TO QUIZ : ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY ON PAGE 79

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MISCELLANEOUS

Correction note

The Note on page 36, right upper corner line 1: Heart Vessels and Transplantation 2018; 2: 35 must read Heart Vessels and Transplantation 2018; 2: 36-37. Editorial office apologizes for the typo print error.


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Reviewers of issue

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Vol 2 ( 2018 ); Issue 2

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EDITORIALS

From Editor-in-Chief: issue insight, research education and encouraging scientific debate

We also announce the educational activity our journal is involved- International Research Interdisciplinary School (program developed at Duke University, Durham, NC, USA) that will be held on the shore of Issik-Kul, Kyrgyzstan in June 2018, this is the second school in our country, which was held in many countries all over the globe ..

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EDITORIALS

Endocarditis treatment

Infective endocarditis (IE) is a severe condition with high morbidity and a high in-hospital and 5- year mortality . Part of the strategy to decrease mortality is early diagnosis, adequate antimicrobial treatment and best surgical timing as well as access to surgery. Establishing the causative pathogen is of paramount importance, and in most settings routine blood cultures are used for this purpose, although other sites may be cultured, such as distant emboli. Besides this, serological diagnosis may important in suggestive epidemiological scenarios, especially for Bartonella spp and Coxiella burnetii.

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PROTOCOL

Treating endocarditis: A protocol of an antimicrobal treatment from a middle-income country

The following protocol is intended to be a useful and practical guide to empirical and pathogen directed antimicrobial therapy of infective endocarditis (IE) in adult patients

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EDITORIALS

Development of regulation of publication activity of scientists of Kyrgyzstan

Recently, the Higher Attestation Commission (HAC) of the Kyrgyz Republic has been actively working to improve the quality of scientific research on the basis of which theses are defended and scientific personnel are certified. Previously the basic requirement for the publication of scientific research results concerned mainly the number of published works.

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ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLES

Candidemia in critically ill patients admitted to a cardiothoracic intensive care unit: a retrospective, observational study

Candidemia was an uncommon infectious complication, but associated with a significant mortality. Our data support the identification of high-risk cardiac surgery patients who may benefit from empirical antifungal therapy.

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ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLES

Primary detection of congenital heart diseases in the Kyrgyz Republic

In this study, we sought to study the structure of newly diagnosed CHD and the age of the diagnosis within Kyrgyz Republic.

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REVIEW

Surgical treatment of acquired valvular heart disease in elderly patients

This article provide an overview of studies on indications, surgery and outcomes of valvular heart disease surgery in elderly patients.

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QUIZ

Quiz: Electrocardiogram

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QUIZ

Answer to Quiz Electrocardiogram on page 65 and case discussion

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ANNOUNCEMENT

International Research Interdisciplinary School

International Research Interdisciplinary School at the shore of the pearl of Kyrgyzstan – Issyk-Kul lake. The 5-day workshop program created at the Duke University, Durham, USA, is the training program on how to prepare a scientific project and how to work in multidisciplinary international team. The language of school is English.

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Reviewers of issue

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Vol 2 ( 2018 ); Issue 1

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EDITORIALS

From Editor-in-Chief

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EDITORIALS

What research topic is the “hot” research topic?

Another question I hear frequently from students, junior researchers and clinicians, is related to the selection of the research field for their future research career: “What field of science is THE FIELD for an exciting research, for being a successful and recognized researcher and for contributing to innovations?” And a related question: “Is it possible to do research without new sophisticated equipment?”, or in other words: “Is it possible to do a good research when I do not have latest (expensive) technology or I am not in the new emerging promising field of science”?

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ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLES

Availability of cardiac surgical care in surgical correction of acquired heart defects in patients of older age group

Thus our study demonstrated accesibility of surgical care for elderly patients is the highest for the urban areas with specialized cardiac surgery centers, where patients referred from rural regions.

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REVIEW

Echocardiographic evaluation of heart valve prosthetic dysfunction

Patients with replaced heart valve submitted to echocardiographic examination may have symptoms related either to valvular malfunction or ventricular dysfunction from different causes. Clinical examination is not reliable in a prosthetic valve evaluation and the main information regarding its function could be obtained using different cardiac ultrasound modalities. This review provides a description of echocardiographic and Doppler techniques useful in evaluation of prosthetic heart valves.

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REVIEW

Diet of schoolchildren as a risk factor of nutritional disorders

In this paper, we present the literature review on nutrition disorders in schoolchildren. as well as the data about the role of rational and balanced nutrition in strengthening of child and adolescent health. We provided the review of literature on the approaches in education facilities on healthy diet education and school meals.

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QUIZ

Quiz: The ICD patient with chest pain

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BRIEF REPORTS

New designs for counterpulsation devices

Counterpulsation is an intervention used to restore the Windkessel effect of the aorta in the setting of hemodynamic compromise by increasing aortic pressure during early diastole that augments coronary and distal end organ perfusion as well as decreasing aortic pressure during early systole thus reducing ventricular afterload and workload

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NEWS

On Eurasian Association of Cardiothoracic Surgeons - EAACTS

The constituent assembly of the Eurasian Association Cardiothoracic Surgeons - EAACTS was held on 19th January 2018 at Golden Tulip hotel in Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan.

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QUIZ

Answer to quiz on page 26 and Case Discussion: The ICD patient with chest pain

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MISCELLANEOUS

Author Index

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Reviewers index for 2017

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Content index for 2017

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Correction note

Correction note: this to notify correction for manuscript: Tuleutayeva R, Mukhamedova A, Musina A, Sultanova Z, Makhatova A, Vancova M, et al. International Research Interdisciplinary School : 23-28 September 2017, Semey, East Kazakhstan region, Kazakhstan. Heart Vessels and Transplantation 2017; 1: 99-103 - page 100, legend for Figure 4. should read Team the Girls: Dinara Alibekova, Erkezhan Kalshabai Gulnara Nurgalieva: Performing - final presentation of project instead of Team the Girls: Roza Taimanova ...


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Reviewers of issue

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Vol 1 ( 2017 ); Issue 3

EDITORIALS

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EDITORIALS

Perspectives of Heart Vessels and Transplantation in Central Asia

To answer the question, why do we need a new medical journal in Central Asia, it is essential to understand that with transition to the new standards of scientific research in majority of Central Asian countries, the crucial need in change of approaches in biomedical publishing corresponding to worldwide standards has emerged.

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EDITORIALS

Key messages to comprehend: the European Heart Rhythm Association (EHRA) consensus document - How to manage device-detected subclinical atrial tachyarrhythmias

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained arrhythmia. In the last 20 years, it has become one of the most important public health problems and a significant cause of increasing healthcare expenditures. The prevalence of AF is also increasing due to the improved ability to suspect and diagnose AF in the setting of variety of chronic cardiac and non-cardiac diseases.

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REVIEW

Radiation Therapy Induced Cardiovascular Disease

The advent of advanced hematological and oncological treatment modalities including radiation therapy (RT) has led to increased survival in patients with a range of malignancies. However, this increased curative and disease free survival rate has been offset by the development of late treatment related complications, such as secondary malignancies and cardiovascular disease. This would explain why childhood cancer survivors exhibit a long-term survival rate that is significantly lower than age and gender matched population controls. When compared to the general population, the lifespan of these patients may be reduced by up to 10 years

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CASE REPORTS

Cryoablation of para-Hisian accessory pathway in a child without fluoroscopy

A 14-year-old boy with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome underwent an electrophysiology study by the use of Navigation System Velocity Navix (St. Jude, USA) for symptoms of palpitations and persistence of pre-excitation during common exercise

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QUIZ

Quiz: Electrocardiogram

Female, 77 years, complains on episodes of lightheadedness and palpitations. Fragment of ECG was recorded in night-time using 12 leads Holter monitor. Speed of the recording – 25 mm/s.

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EDITORIALS

International Research Interdisciplinary School – May 8-13, 2017, Zhovkva, Lviv, Ukraine

In the city of Zhovkva, near Lviv, on May 8-13, 2017, the 20th anniversary International Research Interdisciplinary School (IRIS) for young scientists working in the field of biomedical sciences was held for the first time in Ukraine. The program of this school is based on the Research Workshop developed at Duke University, USA. The initiative for the IRIS was started by the American Journal of Electrocardiology in 2006 and supported by a number of European national and international journals. The main purpose of the school was to develop the ability of its participants to plan and conduct scientific projects in biomedical disciplines.

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EDITORIALS

International Research Interdisciplinary School Meeting in Astana, Kazakhstan 18-23 September 2017: An Introduction To How Plan A Research Project

From 2006 to now, International Research Interdisciplinary Schools (IRIS) previously called as The International Scientific Schools has provided necessary skills for its participants about research principles and research training, which have been usually forgotten in the curricula of continued medical education (1).

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International Research Interdisciplinary School : 23-28 September 2017, Semey, East Kazakhstan region, Kazakhstan

This year the International Research Interdisciplinary Schools (IRIS) were held in three locations in Slovakia and Kazahkstan. The purpose and methodology of the IRIS has been described in detail in previous reports (1-12). Participants in IRIS may increase the number of publications after compared to prior their participation

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EDITORIALS

External Reviewers

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QUIZ

ANSWER TO QUIZ ON PAGE 92

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Reviewers of issue

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Vol 1 ( 2017 ); Issue 2

EDITORIALS

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EDITORIALS

A short message from the Editor-In-Chief: submit articles for academic advancement or contribute to evidence pool and education

This is an unannounced editorial; despite we promised to give platform for our international editors I decided to write myself to answer the rhetoric question addressed by junior researchers and clinicians – does your journal has impact factor, to submit or not submit?

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ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLES

Surgical treatment of multi-valve heart disease associated with infective endocarditis

Our results of surgical treatment of multi-valve heart defects with infective endocarditis showed the efficacy of developed complex preoperative and intraoperative measures in surgical treatment of IE. This new treatment approach is associated with significant improvement of left ventricular function and low mortality rate.

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ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLES

Ovarian vein diameters measured by MDCT in women without evidence of pelvic congestion syndrome

The purpose of this study was to clarify reference values for ovarian veins diameters in women without evidence of primary or secondary pelvic venous insufficiency and to determine factors influencing these parameters.

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REVIEW

Postpericardiotomy syndrome and its complications: prevalence, clinical significance and management

In this review, we summarized current evidence on clinical significance, outcomes and management of postpericardiotomy syndrome and its complications developing after cardiac operations.

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CASE REPORTS

A funnel shaped pannus formation above the mitral prosthetic valve diagnosed with real time three-dimensional echocardiography

Prosthetic valve obstruction has an incidence ranging from 0.4% to 6% per year (1). Apart from thrombus formation, prosthetic valve obstruction can also be caused by pannus formation with variable frequency (2, 3). Correct diagnosis is of paramount importance in any patient with prosthetic valve obstruction. Real time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT 3D TEE) has the capacity to provide more in-depth analysis of any pannus related mechanical valve obstruction.

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CASE REPORTS

Right coronary artery thrombosis within drug eluting stents more than 10 years after deployment: Two cases of very, very late stent thrombosis

We present two rare cases of very late stent thrombosis occurring beyond ten years post initial drug eluting stent deployment.

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BRIEF REPORTS

Types and Structure of Complications, and Causes of Mortality with Different Combinations of Immunosuppressants in Patients of Undergoing Organ Transplantation

We aimed to retrospectively analyze morbidity and mortality in recipients of kidney and liver transplant receiving immunosuppressive therapy (tacrolimus and cyclosporine with mycophenolate mofetil and mycophenolic acid). Overall, 228 patients who underwent kidney and liver transplantation were included in the study.

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EDITORIALS

Brief guideline on use of statistical analysis and report data in article submitted for consideration for publication in Heart Vessels and Transplantation

These are general guidelines for using statistics in medical papers in accurate and precise way (1-3). Hereafter you can find the brief excerpt of main rules for reporting statistical data (1-7). The main rule is clearly defining the research question/hypothesis and design of the study, which should guide you in selection of appropriate tests.

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EDITORIALS

In Memory of Professor Galen S. Wagner M.D., Ph.D. (1939 - 2016) – our mentor, colleague and friend

Galen combined passion and intensity with unusual modesty about his own accomplishments, giving credit to others’ achievements. He was a world-known scientist in electrocardiology and cardiology who trained directly and indirectly thousands of physicians around the world. Galen’s legacy is amazing and expressed in so many ways by his textbooks, excellent research, leadership at the Journal of Electrocardiology, by his inspiration for so many clinicians and researchers. We promise to continue in the IRIS mission and develop further these international courses, to utilize this unique program

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EDITORIALS

In Memory of Professor Dr. Ahmet Birand (1938-2017) – cardiologist, scientist, innovator and educator

Professor Ahmet Birand born in 1938, graduated from high school in Ankara. From 1955 till 1961 he underwent undergraduate studies at Medical Faculties of Ankara University and Izmir University. In Izmir, he further finished his specialization in internal medicine and in 1970, he obtained the degree of associate professor. Professor Birand had started his career at Cukurova University in Adana, in 1974 as an associate professor of internal medicine clinic.

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Reviewers of issue

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Vol 1 ( 2017 ); Issue 1

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Content page

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EDITORIALS

From Editor: Introducing a new journal and the 1st issue

Introducing the first issue of a new peer-reviewed international journal on cardiovascular surgery and transplantation, cardiology and broad spectrum of relevant disciplines – Heart Vessels and Transplantation, I would like to highlight main editorial and publishing policies.You may find in the next Editorial the reasons why we decided to publish a new international peer-reviewed journal

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EDITORIALS

Our mission - reasons why we have chosen to launch a new international journal: HEART - VESSELS AND TRANSPLANTATION

Why to publish the new journal in English language on cardiovascular medicine in the international environment of abundance in specialized journals worldwide? It is reasonable to provide the rationale for this:

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ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLES

Choice of approaches for surgical correction of tricuspid pathology in patients with rheumatic multi-valvular heart disease

Our study demonstrated that correction of tricuspid valve disease in our cohort of patients, including valve repair and replacement and reconstructive surgery of fibrous ring alone or in combination with mitral or aortic valve replacement/ repair is accompanied by reduction of tricuspid regurgitation and reduction of cardiac chamber size and right ventricular pressure. No complications intrinsic to operative technique of tricuspid valve reconstructive surgery as advanced atrioventricular block or myocardial ischemia and infarction were recorded.

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ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLES

Nutrition characteristics and morbidity of adolescents (15-17 years) of Kyrgyz Republic

In this study, we analyzed the nutrition status and morbidity of adolescents.

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REVIEW

Atria: A comprehensive evaluation with echocardiography

Left and right atria have gained interest from scientific community. Two or three- dimensional echocardiographic methods have been implemented for better understanding of atrial functions in both healthy persons and patients with various diseases. Atrial volume could be calculated from 2D or 3D images. Volumetric data and derived parameters could be used for determining atrial phasic functions.

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REVIEW

Interpretation of uncommon ECG findings in patients with atrial flutter

Atrial flutter (AFL) is one of the most common supraventricular arrhythmias with macro-reentrant mechanism of atrial activation around an anatomical barrier with regular atrial rate ≥ 240 beats/min (1, 2). Despite of recent advances in invasive electrophysiology, electrocardiography (ECG) remains one of the most effective methods used for rhythm disorders diagnostics.

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CASE REPORTS

Surgical treatment of multiple echinococcosis of left ventricle

Echinococcosis is helminthiasis of cestodosis group characterized by formation of parasitic cysts in liver, lungs or other organs and tissues. Heart echinococcosis occurs in 0.5-2.0% of patients with generalized form of the disease. The embryos of echinococcus (scolexes) may penetrate into the heart in two ways - from the venous blood through the endocardium of the right heart and the breakout of hydatid cysts in the lung and pulmonary veins. In myocardium, scolex develops into mature hydatid cyst.

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CASE REPORTS

Dissection of descending aorta treated by stent-graft implantation in a patient with Marfan syndrome

This report describes a 32 years old patient with Marfan syndrome and hypertension.

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BRIEF REPORTS

Frequency of detection of congenital heart diseases in different regions of Kyrgyz Republic

In this article, we present preliminary results of screening for congenital heart diseases (CHD) in Kyrgyz Republic. Pilot project for early diagnostics of CHD, launched in this year, shows initial results of screening in remote areas of our country.

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EDITORIALS

Writing a scientific paper: an integral part of the continuous academic development of healthcare professionals

"Continuing medical education“, "lifelong learning“, "continuous professional development“, "physicians as scholars“ – several terms with ovelapping meaning and with a commom aim. They stress the ethical obligation of healthcare professional to ensure the high quality of health care and its continuous improvement, by continuous learning , by keeping healthcare professional at the latest level of knowledge in the field (1, 2) (). Lifelong learning and continuous medical education has become the natural part of medicine.

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MISCELLANEOUS

Statement from the international research interdisciplinary school collaboration group

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External Reviewers

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Reviewers of issue

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